Gurdwara Gau Ghat or Gurdwara Pahila Bara is a historical sikh shrine situated near Alamganj Mohalla in patna. This was Bhagat Jaitamal's house. It was sanctified first by Guru Nanak Dev Ji in 1509 A.D. and later by Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahiib along with his family in 1666 A. D.
According to local legend, Bhagat Jaitamal, a devotee of Guru Nanak was fortunate to get the blessings of Guru Tegh Bahadur. Guru Tegh Bahadur stayed for about four months here and made this place very popular among the followers of Guru Nanak's faith. Bhai Jaitamal, a man of great piety was 350 years old when he requested the Guru to secure his soul. Guru Nanak counselled patience and adviced him to wait till the ninth Master blessed him. Jaitamal was much old for bathing in the River Ganga, but with the blessings of Guru Nanak he could."Bhai Jaitamal prayed to the Guru to give him strength to bathe in the river ganga. Guru Ji told Jaitamal that he need not go to the river; the river would come to him. Guru Nanak converted the river Ganga to a cow. The spot is still there where Bhai Jaitamal used to bathe. In Patna Guru Nanak Dev Ji also met Salas Rai Johri, who became his follower and converted his house to a Dharamshala where Guru Gobind Singh Ji was born.
In 1666, the ninth Master, Guru Tegh Bahadur blessed Bhai Jaitamal. The guru, along with his family stayed in Patna for four months and made the place popular among the followers of Guru Nanak.The gurudwara preserves many sacred relics such as the bed, a grindstone of Mata Gujri, the musical instrument, rebeck of Bhai Mardana, the window of the house of Bhai Jaitamal and Thara Sahib where Guru Tegh Bahadur sat.Taaki Sahib is the place from where Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib entered Jaitmals house.
Devotees offer chola or clothes at Tham Sahib, the wooden pillars. It is believed that an unequal pair of wood was brought for the construction, which was later corrected by the Guru Tegh Bahadur. Since then, devotees pay obeisance to the pillars."If someone finds it difficult to marry or secure a job, his wishes are fulfilled by making an offering of Chola (a piece of cloth) the Tham Sahib. Hindus, Muslims and people of all religions come here and have their wishes fulfilled," said a devotee.