Gurudwara Charan Paduka Patshahi 1 te 9 - Nizamabad is a small town in the interior of Azamgarh district. An eight-kilometre link road connects it to Serai Rani on the Jaunpur-Azamgarh road. Another six-kilometres road links it to Phariha. Both Serai Rani and Phariha are railway stations on the Ballia-Shahganj metre gauge section of North-Eastern Railway.
Nizamabad was visited by Guru Nanak Dev Ji during his Eastern (First) Udasi from Ayodhya to Benaras (Varanasi) in the early sixteenth century, and by Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib Ji during his journey back towards Punjab from Patna in 1670 who meditated here. A shrine called Charan Paduka (Wooden Sandals) common to both Gurus exist here.
Guru Nanak Dev Ji during his journey to Sri Lanka had given his wooden sandals as blessing to Raja Shiv Nabh and Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib Ji left his wooden sandals here, both of which are displayed at this holy shrine thus named Gurdwara Charan Paduka Sahib Patshahi 1 te 9.
The place where Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib Ji meditated is known as the Akal Bunga and there is also the Dukh Niwaran Khu (Pain Relieve Well) whereby bathing with the water of the well and remembering God (Naam Simran) pains and diseases are washed away.
Gurdwara Guru Nanak Ghat is on the bank of the river Tamsa where Guru Nanak Dev Ji on the insistence of the local people made the dead Ram Niwaj Kayasth alive. On the other bank of the Tamsa River was a dry and parched land which became evergreen by the touch of the Guru's feet. Thereafter it is known as the Anand Bhag (Garden of Happiness).
Bawa Kripa Dayal Singh of Goindwal established a proper Gurdwara and himself settled here to preach Sikhism. It became a well known Sikh missionary centre during the time of his son Sadho Singh and grandson, the well-known scholar, author and poet Bawa Sumer Singh. Its buildings have been renovated by Sant Sadhu Singh Mauni, whose successors continue to administer it. Besides a pair of wooden sandals kept here as a sacred relic one used by Guru Nanak Dev Ji and the other by Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib Ji, there are twenty-five (25) old hand-written copies of Guru Granth Sahib Ji and six (6) old hand written copies of Dasam Granth Sahib Ji present here along with many a weapons like swords, shields, spears, guns etc.
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