Sri Akal Takht Sahib, Amritsar, Punjab, India

Location on Map Sri Akal Takht Sahib - Weather

The Akal Takht is highest seat of temporal authority of the Khalsa. The Akal Takht is located in the Harmandir Sahib complex in Amritsar, Punjab. It was built by Guru Hargobind Sahib, it stands witness to the Sikh idea of sovereignty. It symbolizes the interlocking of the temporal with the spiritual in Sikhism.


The original structure of Akal Takht was built by Guru Hargobind ji, Bhai Gurdas ji and Baba Buddha ji, with their own hands. No other person or artist was employed to build the platform. Guru ji remarked that the seat of guru would serve the panth for eternity. Guru ji raised the height of the platform to twelve feet, defying the royal edict of Jehangir that no other person except the Emperor himself can sit on a raised platform of more than three feet. Guru Hargobind would regularly sit on the raised platform, Takht, with all marks of royalty and dispense justice for all disputes of Sikhs.

The Akal Takht was built a fraction lower than the Harimandir Sahib, implying the order of importance, that the search for spiritual grace was always to lead. A similar balancing of assertion and submission was built into Guru Hargobind’s daily routine, which alternatively highlighted the shrine, with its spiritual function and self-effacing architectural symbolism, and the throne platform, with its assertion of sovereignty and temporal authority. The Guru started the day with worship in the Harimandir; he would then go on a hunt in the late morning and grant audience from the Akal Takhat in the afternoon; in the evening he would return to the shrine for prayers and hymns, and at night he and his followers would return to the Akal Takht to listen to martial songs of heroic deeds.

It is from the Akal Takhat that Hukamnamas (edics or writs) are announced to provide guidance or clarification on any point of Sikhdoctrine or practice. It may lay under penance persons charged with violation of religious discipline or with activity prejudicial to Sikh interests or solidarity. It may place on record its appreciation of outstanding services rendered or sacrifices made by individuals espousing the cause of Sikhism or of the Sikhs. Importantly, no individual is above the Akal Takht.


On the original plot of land of the Akal Takhat, there only existed a high mound of earth across a wide open space, where Guru Hargobind as a child used to play. The Gurus original Takhat is said to have been a simple platform, 3.5 metres high, on which the Guru would sit like a king at court, surrounded by insignia of royalty such as the parasol and the flywhisk, and perform kingly tasks of receiving petitions and administrating justice. Today’s Akal Takhat is a large 5-storey modern structure (3 storeys were added by Maharaja Ranjit Singh) with inlaid marble and a gold-leafed dome, that does not convey the design of Guru Hargobind’s simple Takht or plinth. However, recent restoration work has uncovered a layer of lime plaster, with painted decoration, that may have been part of the original Takhat. That plinth was far higher than the plinth of the Harimandir; yet the absence of a superstructure kept the original Akal Takhat at a level lower than the shrine.

1.) Sri Sahibs (swords) of Guru Hargobind Sahib that represented Miri and Piri
2.) Sri Sahib (sword) of Guru Gobind Singh Ji
3.) Sri Sahib (sword) of Baba Buddha Ji
4.) Sri Sahib (sword) of Bhai Jaetha Ji
5.) Sri Sahib Baba Karam Singh Ji Shaheed
6.) Sri Sahib Bhai Uday Singh Ji, who was with Guru Gobind Singh Ji
7.) Sri Sahib Bhai Bidhi Chand Ji
8.) Dudhara Khanda (double-edged sword) of Baba Gurbakash Singh Ji Shaheed
9.) Dudhara Khanda (double-edged sword) of Baba Deep Singh Ji
10.) Dudhara Khanda of Baba Nodh Singh Ji Shaheed
11.) Khadag Bhai Vachitar Singh Ji which weighed 10 Saer
12.) Guru Hargobinds Sahib's "Guraj" weighing 16 saer. It was given to Dharamvir Jassa Singh by Matta Sundari
13.) A sword like weapon belonging to Guru Hargobind Sahib
14.) Guru Hargobind Sahib's Katar
15.) Baba Ajit Singh's Katar
16.) Baba Jujhar Singh's Katar
17.) Guru Hargobind Sahib's kirpan
18.) Guru Hargobind's Paeshkabaj
19.) Baba Deep Singh's Paeshkabaj
20.) A sword like weapon of Baba Deep Singh Ji Shaheed
21.) Pistol of Baba Deep Singh Ji Shaheed
22.) Two arrows of Guru Gobind Singh each containing one Toala of gold
23.) Medium sized Khanda of Baba Deep Singh Ji
24.) Two kirpans of Baba Deep Singh Ji
25.) Two small Khandas of Baba Deep Singh Ji
26.) Chakar Of Baba Deep Singh Ji
27.) Small Chakar of Baba Deep Singh Ji
28.) Baba Deep Singh Ji's chakar for head decoration

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